The human body consists of arteries and veins. Arteries can carry blood from the heart to the body and veins can carry the blood from the body to the heart. The disease that affects it is called Peripheral vascular disease or PVD, which means narrowing or occlusion of atherosclerotic ( Plaques of arteries) outside the heart and brain.

-PVD is a form of arterial insufficiency, which means that there is a reduction in blood circulation by the way of arteries.

- PVD risk factors include cholesterol, diabetes, Smoking, hypertension, inactivity and obesity/overweight.

- The minimum % of people about the age of 50 suffer from it.

- The symptoms may change as per the location and extent of the blocked artery. The most common symptoms are pain caused during a walk, intermittent claudication, etc.

- There are high chances of calf blood clot or calf muscle pain. Generally, blood clot in calf muscle treatment and calf muscle pain treatment is recommended of in early stages.

What is Peripheral vascular disease?

Peripheral Vascular Disease means a disease of the blood vessels i.e arteries & veins that most commonly occurs in the circulatory system outside the heart and brain. It can also happen in other areas. PVD has many names such as hardening of arteries, peripheral artery disease, poor circulation, vascular disease, PAD, etc. Though known by a lot of names, the doctor near me generally uses the term Peripheral artery disease as the condition developed in the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood in the internal organs that is arms and legs that are partially blocked/immovable. It is also called as Varicose Veins.

PVD is further classified into 2 types:

1. Functional PVD:

It refers to causing no physical damage to your blood vessels structure. Instead, your vessels widen or narrow as retaliation to factors like Brain signal and temperature change. The narrowing causes reduction in blood flow.

2. Organic PVD:

It causes changes in blood vessels structure which are inflammation, plaque or tissue damage.

Cause of Peripheral Vascular Disease :

1. Functional PVD:

Our vessels naturally widen or narrow as a response to the environment but in the case of functional PVD, you are vessels respond to exaggerated. Here are some common causes of functional PVD which are:

Being stressed emotionally

Staying in cold temperature

Usage of vibrating machines or tools


2. Organic PVD:

The primary cause of organic PVD are as follows:


High Blood Pressure


High cholesterol

Extreme injuries, abnormal structure of muscles or ligaments, blood vessel inflammation and infection are some other Additional causes of organic PVD

Symptoms of PVD:

Almost 50% of the people having don’t experience any of the symptoms. For patients who do have symptoms, the most widely seen symptoms are as follows:

1. Rest pain in the legs

2. Numbness weakness or coldness said in the feet

3. A sore on the leg or non-healing foot

4. Both or one leg or feed feeling cold or turning pale, bluish or dark reddish

5. Impotence

6. Hair loss or slow hair growth on your legs your feet

7. Reduction in time for the growth of Toenails

8. Shiny skin on legs

Risk factors

The general factors for PVD are some words same as Arteriosclerosis & they are as follows:

1. AGE: People 50 years of age and above are more likely to get PVD & PAD.

2. OVERWEIGHT/ OBESE: Due To obesity there is a high risk of having PVD and other cardiovascular diseases.

3. LIFESTYLE: People who consume drugs, smoking, avoid physical activity and an unhealthy diet causes PVD/ PAD.

4. FAMILY HISTORY: The risk factor of having PVD is high when you have a family history of cerebrovascular disease or stroke.

5. DIABETIC PATIENT: Diabetic patients are also at a higher risk as Diabetic foot ulcer can be formed and often have to take diabetic foot treatment near me as the commonly affected area is their foot or leg.

6. HAVING KIDNEY DISEASE OR HEMODIALYSIS: People having kidney disease and Haemodialysis are too at a higher risk of having PVD due to inactivity. People go for a check-up at hemodialysis access care.

7. OTHER CAUSES: The other causes of having it are cholesterol, hypertension, etc. Varicose veins can also happen that is enlarging of the veins after a spider web like structure is formed. In early stages can be treated by Varicose Vein Treatment. If severe, Varicose vein surgery is must and After Varicose vein surgery / after Varicose vein treatment it is also important.


- Don’t smoke, if not smoking doesn’t start.

- Control your blood Sugar and always keep it in check, if you are diabetic.

- Exercise for 6 days in a week & for 30 minutes.

- Work towards lowering your cholesterol and blood pressure.

- Eat a healthy meal that is rich in protein and consists of saturated fats.

- Maintain a healthy level of weight

Contact a family doctor and consult a peripheral vascular disease specialist if you notice any early symptoms of PAD. Early diagnosis is the pathway for the doctors and you to reduce your symptoms and increase the effectiveness of the treatment. You can also, Connect with us today for Diabetic Foot treatment in Navi Mumbai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, and Aurangabad.